Old Testament Echoes

I have already mentioned under sources the link made in the Gospel of Matthew with the Story of Moses, and the reference to Hosea. The story of the miraculous well echoes the story of the thirsty Israelites and Moses striking the rock to produce water (Exodus Chapter 17)  shown in this picture by Poussin.

Moses strikes water from a rock .
National Gallery of Scotland

     Another interesting parallel is the story of the Ark of the Covenant, very much connected, or course, with Moses. In 1 Samuel chapter 5 the Philistines capture the Ark - and much good does it do them. It causes the idol of Dagon to fall to the ground and break into pieces - very much what apparently happened in Egypt when Jesus passed - see the tumbling statues here. This event in the Flight story was also presaged in Isaiah Ch 19 v 1:
   ' Behold, the Lord rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it. '

   One key difference is that, while Jesus cured the various afflicted people he met, the Ark brought the Philistines out in 'emarods', to quote the Authorised version. Not at all pleasant, especially if much donkey riding was necessary. (Contemporary researchers have suggested that this is actually a very early reference to Bubonic Plague - not much better, then.) 
   The tumbling idol and the plague are vividly depicted in another painting by Poussin.

The Plague at Ashdod
The Louvre, Paris

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